More than 20 threatened and endangered pollinators are found on military installations. It is DoD policy to protect all pollinators (e.g., birds, bats, butterflies, moths) and their habitats by using pollinator-friendly management practices, such as avoiding using herbicides and pesticides in sensitive areas, to help maintain diverse and resilient native plant communities on which training depends.
Featured here are some of the pollinators found on DoD lands!
Lesser long-nosed bats are nectar feeders and important pollinators for agaves, saguaro, and organ pipe cacti. Population declines are estimated to be more than 30% over the last 10 years.
Photo Credit: Merlin D. Tuttle, Bat Conservation International
Taylor’s Checkerspot Butterfly
Euphydryas editha taylori
Listing Status: Endangered
Region: Pacific Northwest
The Taylor’s Checkerspot was once found at more than 70 sites in Puget Sound, Oregon, and British Columbia, but is now found at just 14 sites, with almost three-quarters of the known population occurring at only 2 sites. This butterfly pollinates various food plants and grasses in western prairies.
The Palos Verdes Blue Butterfly is one of the world’s rarest butterflies. Since its rediscovery in 1994 (when it was originally thought to have become extinct), the number of adults each year has fluctuated between a low of 30 and a high near 300.
Karner Blue butterflies feed on the nectar of many plants such as butterfly weed, leafy spurge, blazing star, wild Virginia strawberry, and New Jersey tea. Habitat loss and isolation of populations, combined with the extremely small size of many of the remaining population, put this species at high risk.
Photo Credit: J&K Hollingsworth, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service